Allergy, probably, is the most widespread children’s illness. Statistics shows, every fifth child in the world suffers from this problem now. Allergy is a collective term, which is used for designation of several diseases connected with hypersensibility of organism to one or several substances.
Arriving in an organism, allergens promote production of antibodies by immune system. At interaction of allergens and antibodies active substances which cause allergic reaction are formed.
Allergy display at children’s age very often is similar to symptoms of other illnesses (cold, skin irritation), and many parents think it will pass by itself. Allergy seldom disappears by itself, but frequently its external display decreases for various reasons. Having considered that the problem is solved, parents “relax”, and after a while receive more strongly pronounced allergic reaction.
If you notice excretas from nose, repeated sneezing, inflamed eyes, skin irritation, watering, eyebags, it is necessary to visit an allergologist urgently.
Only an expert should treat allergy, this process is difficult and demands strictly individual approach. A serious mistake is when parents choose a medicine for a child, basing on TV advertising. Thus it is possible to make an irreparable harm to a child!
Parents should think, first of all, of allergy preventive maintenance long before a birth of children. It is not necessary to abuse products raising risk of allergy occurrence during pregnancy : chocolate, fish, citrus, strawberry. A woman’s lowered immunity and frequent flu diseases can promote an allergy development in a child in future. To reduce risk of children allergy occurrence, future mums should refuse smoking and alcoholic drinks.
Preventive maintenance after birth.
1. It is necessary to breastfeed a baby to the maximum.
2. If breastfeeding is impossible, use special formulas - substitutes of breast milk, which do not contain sugar (glucose).
3. Bathe a baby daily.
4. Do not give a child products of animal origin (eggs, meat, butter and so on) at least until 5-month’s age, and even better - until one year.
5. Do not give a child food, which promotes allergy development: chocolate, citrus, kiwi, pineapple, mango and other exotic fruits, strawberry, tomatoes, and also products containing dyes and preservatives till 18 months.
6. Introduction of a new product in a child’s diet should be started from about 1/8 teaspoons. If you notice no symptoms of allergy, increase quantity of food gradually .
7. Keep house clean, arrange damp cleaning regularly.
8. Do not smoke in a child’s presence.
9. Reduce a child’s contacts to pets to the minimum.
One of the most widespread displays of children allergy – atopic dermatitis. At this disease an itch of skin and ruch are noticed. According to researches, now 30–40 % of children all over the world suffer from this problem.
The strongest factor influencing dermatitis display, – a heredity, but even without hereditary predisposition 13–15 % of children have risk to be ill with this illness. 60 % of children suffer from dermatitis on the first year of life. The earlier you notice signs of dermatitis, the more difficult it proceeds. If you do not pay attention to this problem in due time, the risk of occurrence of other allergic diseases – asthma, allergic rhinitis increases.
Very often development of children dermatitis is promoted by food allergy and especially the fact that parents start giving a child cow’s milk during first year of life. To reduce risk of this illness occurrence, do not hurry up to feed a child with such products, as eggs, fish and sea products, nuts, honey, chocolate, strawberry, citrus, grapes, tomatoes, beet, mushrooms.
To get rid from dermatitis, it is necessary to develop a special diet for a child first of all. Products causing allergy are excluded, and there are corresponding substitutes. Only an attending physician can recommed it.
You can use porridges actively in food (buckwheat, oatmeal, rice, millet, corn, excepting semolina), prepared on vegetable broths without milk, with addition of vegetative or olive oil; vegetables (cabbage, potato, marrows), meat (beef, turkey, hare). You can give a child sweet-sour apples of soft colouring, plum, pear. Food should be various and balanced.
An important component in dermatitis opposition is timely skin humidifying. The best way is immersing a child in warm (35–36С) water for 20–30 minutes. Carrying out this procedure, use only special sorts of soap.